Thursday, February 7, 2013

Historical Note on Graph Paper

Dit Le Spawn:

Stumbling through an old issue of The American Statistician today I saw a nice (if dry) little article, "Quantitative Graphics in Statistics: A Brief History", by James R. Beniger and Dorothy L. Robyn (1978; Vol 32, pp. 1-11). In it they mention the first known commercial production of graph paper (p. 3):

The rise of coordinate plotting is also documented in the commercial development of graph paper. Rectangular grid paper was first offered for sale by a Dr. Buxton in London in 1794. Buxton's product first appeared in published research six years later, in an article on barometric variations which included a footnote advertising the product [Howard*, p. 357]. Herschel made ingenious use of plotted data to calculate the elements of the elliptical orbits of double stars, and his 1832 paper on the subject included a ringing endorsement of graph paper: "Such charts may be obtained, neatly engraved; and are so very useful for a great variety of purposes, that every person engaged in astronomical computations, or indeed, in physico-mathematical inquiries of any description, will find his account in keeping a stock of them always at hand" [Herschel**, pp. 171-2].
D&D would seem to fall under the rubric of a "physico-mathematical inquiry of any description".


*Howard, L. (1800), "On a Periodical Variation of the Barometer, Apparently due to the Influence of the Sun and Moon on the Atmosphere," Philosophical Magazine, 7, 355-363.

**Herschel, J. F. W. (1833), "On the Investigation of the Orbits of Revolving Double Stars," Memoirs of' the Royal Astronomical Society, 5, 171-172; read January 13, 1832.

4 comments:

  1. This comment has been removed by the author.

    ReplyDelete
  2. Whether people consider it important or not, this inevitable fact cannot be denied that the health of the house and the air inside it actually affects the health and well being of the humans residing inside that property. It is better to spend a minor amount on a home inspection rather than wasting thousands to treat certain diseases caused due to bad health of your house and for the repair and maintenance of the structure of the house destroyed due to negligence of the homeowner. When it comes to home inspection in Columbus Ohio , Linkhorn Inspection Group is one of the best due to many reasons. The top reasons are their quick report generation along with their 200% guarantee which means we are confident enough that if you are not satisfied with our work, we will pay you back along with taking care of the next inspection you take from any other company. If these are not Best Home Inspection Service Columbus has to offer, we do not know what else can be.




    ReplyDelete
  3. We offer the most competitive rates in town. Our charges range from HK$ 10 to HK$ 30 per square feet.
    Rug Cleaning in hk
    Rug Cleaning in hong kong

    ReplyDelete